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# IELTS应试指北：我是怎么两天上岸的

## 名词解释

• 烤鸭：雅思考生
• 屠鸭、上岸：成功通过雅思，一般是总分6（小分5.5）以上
• 机经：来源于雅思题库，会更新换代
• 预测、押题、考试月份：1-4月、5-8月、9-12月是雅思的三个考试时间段，同一个时间段共用一套题库。也就是说，每个时间段越往后，题库中没有出现的题越少，预测就越准确。并且1-4月和9-12月全球只有$\frac{1}{3}$的地区有考试，机经较少预测较准，但月底官方可能会反预测换题。并且，每个时间段开始，也就是1月、5月和9月也同样是口语换题的时候，会出现大量口语新题。

## 知己知彼：考试流程及题型

### 听力 30min+10min

4道大题，每道大题10个小题，每小题1分。

1 社会生活 双向交流的谈话 理解和记录特定的事实性信息
2 社会生活 有交流介绍目的的独白 理解和记录特定的事实性信息
3 教育与培训 2-4人在学术环境下的讨论 理解涉及语义猜测的对话。理解特定的信息、态度和发言者的看法。
4 教育与培训 在学术环境下的独白 理解学术论证。理解特定的信息、态度和发言者的看法。

• 完成填表/记笔记/流程图/总结
• 选择题
• 填空题
• 完成句子
• 为图表、计划或地图进行标记
• 分类
• 配对

### 阅读 60min

3道大题，每道大题的小题数量不同，一共40道小题。

• 选择
• 填空
• 完成句子
• 完成笔记、总结、表格或流程图
• 对图表进行标记
• 为段落或文章的部分选择相对应的小标题
• 寻找信息
• 寻找作者观点、论点或文章中的具体信息
• 分类
• 配对

### 写作 60min

• 是否完成了写作要求：考生能否有效地找到信息中关键的内容并对之进行描述和写作；
• 连贯性和结构层次：考生能否将信息和要点进行组织，信息和要点之间的联系是否清晰；
• 词汇来源：考生使用的词汇是否广泛、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求；
• 语法的多样性和准确性：考生使用的语法结构是否多样、准确、且适合这一部分写作的要求。

• 考生需将作文写在答卷上；
• 考生应保证字数达标，否则将会被扣分。字数超出不会被扣分，但字数过长，则考生将没有充足的时间进行检查和校对、某些观点会跑题、或由于着急出现字迹过于潦草的情况。
• 文章内容如果偏题或者跑题将被扣分；
• 任何抄袭的作文将被重扣；
• 文章如果不完整、内容相互没有关联将被扣分（如在任何部分使用点句或笔记形式）；
• 注意不要直接从答卷中抄下题目，这样的内容将不获评分
• 考生须使用自己的语言进行写作；

## 备考建议

### 我的备考方式

App：

• 雅思哥（花了快300大洋买了一个月的分手服务）

• 《剑桥雅思》
• 《剑桥雅思真题精讲》
• 《Ideas for IELTS topics》

• Predict Daily

### 我的建议

• 如果具备CET6的词汇可以不需要背单词
• 真题9-14，时间短就11-14，并且针对自己的弱项另外刷题
• 刷阅读题和写作题的时候定时
• 口语尽量把题库全部准备一遍，记住Part2中每个话题要分成哪几个小点
• 写作小作文每种类型都要准备一遍，时间紧迫的话可以战略放弃流程图，大作文尽量每种大话题都写一遍
• 至少一次人工批改
• 写作练习时积累相关的高级词汇（不是连接词，而是和话题有关的一些专有表达）

## 技巧

### 听力地图题

1. 确定所有的选项的位置，不要漏看（比如C11 TEST1 这道题就很容易漏看A）
2. 拼读地图中的文本信息
3. 在地图上找到出发点you are here
4. 如果地图中有标明东南西北，听力会出现用东南西北来定位
5. 常见方位词：

• over 上
• under 下
• above 正上方
• below 正下方
• beneath 与下方有接触
• in the centre/central/middle 在中间
• beside, by, against, near, next to, in the vicinity of, be adjacent to 旁边
• on the opposite of, facing, far side, on the other side 对面
• between 之间
• in front/ahead of 在前面
• behind of 在后面
• in a clockwise/counter-clockwise direction 顺时针/逆时针
• go on/along 沿着一直走
• go back, back up 往回走
• go straight across/to/through 径直走过
6. 常见形容词：

• 形状类（circular, rectangular, square, diamond, oval）
• 比较级类
7. 街道与街道之间的交汇处必定会出现答案。常见的交汇处用词有：
• intersection
• junction
• cross
• corner

### 阅读填空题

1. 看题干中是否告知出题段落，以及题干中字数限制。
2. 使用人名、地名、数字、大写等作为定位词。
3. 作为答案填写的单词必须是原文原词，不能改变单复数或形式。
4. 填空题常见名词、其次是形容词，一般不会出现副词介词等。
5. 填写名词时一般是形容词+名词的形式，如果超出字数限制就只用填名词。
6. 答案应该是题目中没有出现过的词。（不一定）

### 阅读判断题

1. 两个两个一起做，确定原文区间。
2. 出现somelikely这种语气保守词的句子，选T的概率在70%。

### 小作文

• Don’t give opinions.
• No conclusion but overview.
• Don’t describe separately.
• Mention all categories.
• 图表中词汇的词性
• The ‘Other’ is not important.

6种问题：

• Line graph
• Bar chart
• Pie chart
• Table
• Diagram - comparing
• Diagram - process

• Introduction 1句话，对问题的转述
• Overview 2句话，2个main points
• Two Details 将数据分组

#### Line Graph & Bar Chart

The line chart illustrates CO2 emission for each person in 4 different European countries over the past 4 decades. （对题目的转述）

In 1967, the largest emission was in the UK, and this dominant position had been kept for 40 years. Having said that, the figure of CO2 emission per capita in UK witnessed a considerable decline in the period. In respect of Sweden, the average emission was the second most in the first 2 decades. It even peaked at just above 10 metric tons before the following drastic fall. The amount of CO2 Sweden had emitted fell so rapidly that was overtaken by that of Italy in 1987 and eventually got exceeded by that of Portugal in 2007. （详细描述1）

Compared with the average carbon dioxide emitted in the United Kingdom and Sweden, the remaining two figures both increased twofold approximately between 1967 and 2007 but got stable in the most recent 10 years. （详细描述2）

Overall, through the comparison and contrast above, the diagram clearly indicates how the CO2 emission level in the UK and Sweden decreased and that in the other 2 countries increased over the 40 years. （总体）

v. +to/by/from…to/xxxfold

• 通用：rise/grow/ascend/increase/climb/go up
• 急剧上升：soar/jump/shoot up/surge
• 上升到顶峰：peak at
n.
• 通用：rise/growth
• 急剧上升：surge/skyrocket

v. +to/by (half)/from…to/back to

• 通用：decline/fall/descend/drop/decrease/dip/sink
• 下降到低谷：(have not recovered until) bottom at
n.
• 通用：decline/fall
• 急剧下降：plunge/plummet
• representing a plunge of 13 percentage points from our first follow-up survey.

• 严重：considerably/dramatically/drastically/tremendously/noticeably/substantially/swiftly/rapidly/sharply/steeply

• remain/retain constant/stable/the same level/unchanged
• be maintained
• be almost static
• level off at
• stabilize at
• reach a plateau at
• hover at

• reach
• hit
• arrive at
• amount to
• stand at

• around
• roughly
• just over
• just under
• approximately

• overtake/exceed

#### Pie Charts

The pie charts indicate the statistical information regarding percentages of university students who can use other languages beside English in two separate years, 2000 and 2010. （转述）

In 2010, those who can use Spanish as their second language had the biggest proportion, taking up to 30%. Even after 10 years later, Spanish still amounted to the most part with 35%, while the proportion of French speaker among students dropped by 5% during the same period. In terms of German speakers, the scale maintained constant at 10% after a decade. （细节1）

The proportion of students who can only speak English was 20%, holding the second largest part in 2000. Having said that, it had fallen by half over the past 10 years. On the contrary, the segments of students who are able to speak another language or 2 other languages both had a rise of 5%, reached to 20% and 15% respectively. （细节2）

Overall, the diagram clearly shows the drastic shift in proportions of second language speakers in this certain English University over the 10 years. （总体）

• constitute/represent/account for/contribute +xx%/the majority/the minority
• 分子 accounted for 百分比 of 分母 eg: bottled water consumption in West Europe accounted for 43% of the world’s consumption
• 地名 had the highest proportion of 分母 eg: West Europe had the world’s highest proportion of bottled water consumption
• the proportion of 分子 was
• 数字 of 分母

• the largest of
• contribute most
• dominant position
• larger than any other

• is twice as high as
• twice than that
• double/triple/quadruple (v.) eg: the amount of beef consumed almost doubled, rising from … to …
• xxxfold (adj. adv.) eg: increase xxxfold from … to … / a xxxfold increase in …

• is xxx% more than that of xxx
• much less significantly
• compared with/to eg: compared with 25 hours 2 years before
• in comparison with

• the figure for … tend to be fairly similar
• almost the same as

• the second largest
• followed by that

#### Table

The table compares visitors volume change before and after the refurbishment of Ashdown Mesuem. And the pie charts illustrate the result of a satisfaction survey.（转述）

According to the table, the total number of visitors to this museum increased dramatically from 74,000 to 92,000 after it was renovated. Results of surveys also show that the overall level of satisfaction among visitors rose tremendously.（细节1）

Looking at the pie charts in more detail, we can see that the percentage of people who were very satisfied with the museum rose sharply from 15% to 35%, a more than double increase. Those who said that they were satisfied also climbed noticeably by 10%, reaching 40%.（细节2）

Before the refurbishment, 40% of respondents reported that they were dissatisfied with the museum, but this percentage went down to only 15% after the renovation work. Similarly, the figure for very dissatisfied visitors halved from 10% to 5%. Across these two years, the proportion of those who made no response to the survey remained the same at 5%.（总结）

### 大作文

4种问题：

• Discussion
• Opinion
• Problem and solution
• Two-part question

250个词，分成4个段落，共13句话。

• (Before) Planning: 10min
• Introduction：2句话 5min
• Two main paragraphs：每段5句话100词 共20min
• Conclusion：1句话 5min

It is often argued that the government should finance public services instead of spending its budget on arts, music and theatre. （转述题意）

Although I agree that government’s investments in public services play a very important role, I think that proper funding of arts sector is also crucial for the society.（引出自己观点）

On the one hand, the government should definitely allocate a large part of its budget on public services.（论点1）This economic sector determines the overall quality of life, ensuring that some basic services, like schools, hospitals and roads, are available to all citizens irrespective of their income or social status. Public services satisfy the primary needs of the society and thus need a proper funding, while artists and musicians are not curing diseases or building houses, so their role is secondary.（论点解释）For example, any country can live without music concerts, but absence of medicine will create significant problems.（论据）That’s why the government should adequately finance public services in the first place.（重申论点）

On the other hand, arts, music and theatre are not a waste of money, since they are an integral part of the society’s cultural and intellectual development and amusement.（论点2） Firstly, art and music draw people’s attention to diverse phenomena and represent the inward significance of things. Quite often a single drawing, piece or song can exhort myriads of people to reconsider their attitude towards some situation. This way, art serves as a major source of nation’s personal and intellectual development. Moreover, visiting museums, watching movies and listening to music are common ways of relaxation and entertainment.（论点解释）The question doesn’t ask us to give examples, plus we’ve already written a lot in this paragraph, so we’ll skip this point.（论据）Thus, art sector is also important for the society and should not be neglected.（重申论点）

To conclude, though I agree that the government should allocate a large part of its budget on such urgent needs of the society like public services, I think that arts, music and theatre should also be financed since they play an important role in people’s development and entertainment.（结尾）

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